What a crock of S**t. They think they can change the temperature of the planet! All the developed countries have to completely de-industrialize! And also give huge amounts of money to the third world!!! OK C'mon everybody let's go go go!!!!
9. In addition to the principles outlined in Article 3 of the Convention, the Parties shall be guided,
inter alia, by the following:
(a) Developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the
adverse effects thereof;
(b) All Parties should contribute to the global effort to combat climate change, in accordance
with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities – a
spectrum of effort is envisaged;
(c) All Parties should aim to undertake a similar level of effort to others at a similar level of
development and with similar national circumstances
(d) Those Parties whose national circumstances reflect greater responsibility or capability
should make a greater contribution to the global effort.
10. Noting that mitigation and adaptation efforts should be given equal consideration,
11. Ambitious and early mitigation commitments are critical for adaptation. Poor mitigation
commitments and actions will impose a higher demand on adaptation measures and will require
12. Parties acknowledge that enhanced action on mitigation is urgently required to ensure the
stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would minimize negative
impacts on the most vulnerable States, particularly small island developing States and the least developed
13. Parties acknowledge that global efforts must be ambitious, must reflect the urgency of our
collective endeavours and must be consistent with a mitigation pathway that safeguards the most
vulnerable from the adverse impacts of climate change.
[Mitigation goals (including those relating to emissions, GHG concentrations and temperature rise)]
14. Parties recognize that in this context greenhouse gas emissions must be stabilized as far as
possible below 350 ppmv CO2 eq, with temperature increases limited to as far as possible below 1.5 ºC
above pre-industrial levels; hence global emissions must peak by 2015, and then be reduced by more than
85 per cent below 1990 levels by 2050.
15. Economy-wide emission reductions by all countries shall be set as a stabilization of GHG
concentrations in the atmosphere at 350 ppm carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 eq) and a temperature
increase below 2ºC above the pre-industrial level. For this purpose, Parties shall collectively reduce
global emissions by at least 45 per cent from 1990 levels by 2020 and by at least 95 per cent from 1990
levels by 2050.
16. To stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would
prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate, the Parties recognize that the global
temperature increase should be limited to 2 °C above the pre-industrial level.
17. In accordance with scientific findings, this implies that the aggregate greenhouse gas emissions
by developed country Parties shall be reduced by [25–40] per cent by 2020 compared with 1990.
Emissions from developing country Parties shall collectively deviate significantly from business as usual
by [15–30] per cent by 2020. The global greenhouse gas emissions should peak by 2015.
18. Parties shall further collectively reduce global emissions by 50–85 per cent by 2050 compared
with the 2000 level. These collective obligations should be adjusted in accordance with best available
scientific information, including the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC.
19. The ultimate objective of the Convention [shall] be achieved through a long-term global goal for
emissions reductions with a view to stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at [xxx
ppm] by 20xx so as to reduce the probability of a rise in global temperature rise greater than [x °C]. In
this regard, global greenhouse gas emissions should peak by [20xx] and decrease thereafter. To this end,
developed country Parties and other Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, as a group,
[shall/should] reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by [25–40] per cent from 1990 levels by 2020.
Supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity-building from developed country Parties
and other developed Parties included in Annex II to the Convention, the greenhouse gas emissions of
Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention [shall][should], as a group, significantly deviate from
baselines by 2020.
20. The objective of [this Agreement] [the Parties] is to achieve an environmentally sound response
to climate change through effective implementation of the Convention, with a view to achieving its
ultimate objective, as provided in its Article 2, by stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases at 450 ppm
CO2 eq or lower, through unified long-term action that sets the world on a path to peak global emissions
by [X] and then reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by X per cent by [X] on [X] levels.