If you have a well producing clean drinkable water, and someone comes along and destroys it, through whatever means, then they have harmed your right to "life".
That's is one of your unalienable rights endowed by your creator.
Clean water is most certainly protected by the Constitution.
If we operated under this assumption, we could do away with things like the EPA which allow business to poison you, just a little bit, with the governments blessing.
The fracking process would be de facto illegal if it could be shown to be harmful. I suppose they could do it out in the middle of no where so that no ones water was screwed up.
All it would take is being able to prove "specific harm" and a court would rule on your side. If your water was good, and then bad after they started drilling, that pretty much ends it.
Putting the genie back in the bottle is difficult, but not impossible.