DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: Lightning On: Wed Dec 25, 2013 10:31 pm

rberq wrote:and hope that DS had practiced intelligent design rather than random creation.

I'm guessing they probably designed the secondary air to be just enough to prevent puff back at their recommended running pressure, which I think King said was -.06 ....
Lightning
 
Hand Fed Coal Furnace: Clayton 1537G
Coal Size/Type: Nut/Stove Size Mix

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: KingCoal On: Wed Dec 25, 2013 10:36 pm

Lightning wrote:
rberq wrote:and hope that DS had practiced intelligent design rather than random creation.

I'm guessing they probably designed the secondary air to be just enough to prevent puff back at their recommended running pressure, which I think King said was -.06 ....


i believe this to be true, although i have never had a puff back in this stove even when firing as a batch heater at 125# stove top and -.03 WC.

somethings going on here, like in the baseheaters that we haven't seen clearly yet is all.
KingCoal
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Comforter Stove Works
Baseburners & Antiques: 2014 DTS C17 Base Burner
Coal Size/Type: Nut Anth.
Other Heating: none

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: oliver power On: Wed Dec 25, 2013 11:40 pm

The secondary air also acts as an air wash for the glass.
oliver power
 
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Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: MarkV On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 12:37 am

Lightning wrote:
rberq wrote:and hope that DS had practiced intelligent design rather than random creation.

I'm guessing they probably designed the secondary air to be just enough to prevent puff back at their recommended running pressure, which I think King said was -.06 ....


First, thanks to the earlier posters for pointing out something I never knew about my DS 1500. Had no idea those secondary air holes drew air from the outside--I mistakenly assumed, based on a conversation I had with someone at DS Machine that the source of that air was from under the fire...i.e., from the thermostat-controlled air intake.

When I saw the pics posted above, I looked with a flashlight through the metal mesh on the sides of my stove, and sure enough, there are the secondary air inlets.

My question: If these stoves are designed so the secondary air prevents puff-backs, why is DSM selling anti-explosion louvers? Those are the rectangular cast metal pieces that take the place of two firebricks, and have a downward-facing louver to channel more air into the firebed. DS Machine told me when I bought my stove last year they were still testing them. I was so freaked out by the pinned thread on puffbacks I went ahead and ordered a pair for around $75 for two of them.

I haven't had a puffback (yet) and assumed it was due to the louvers. Now I'm wondering if I wasted my dough, and would have been fine with the secondary air inlets as is.
MarkV
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: DS Machine DS-1500WH
Coal Size/Type: Blaschak bulk nut

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: Lightning On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 2:48 am

MarkV wrote:Had no idea those secondary air holes drew air from the outside--I mistakenly assumed, based on a conversation I had with someone at DS Machine that the source of that air was from under the fire...i.e., from the thermostat-controlled air intake.

Your stove has "independent" primary and secondary air. The primary controls heat output and is adjustable via the controlled air intake. The secondary air which is fixed thru the drilled holes, lets air in over the fire to burn volatile gases on top the coal bed.

MarkV wrote:My question: If these stoves are designed so the secondary air prevents puff-backs, why is DSM selling anti-explosion louvers? Those are the rectangular cast metal pieces that take the place of two firebricks, and have a downward-facing louver to channel more air into the firebed. DS Machine told me when I bought my stove last year they were still testing them. I was so freaked out by the pinned thread on puffbacks I went ahead and ordered a pair for around $75 for two of them.

I believe member "I'm on Fire" installed the louvers because he was having puff back problems. He also has a very weak chimney draft. Its very possible you could run the stove without the louvers. Hard sayin..

The louvers use some of the primary air to bypass the coal bed and become more secondary air. A technique I like to call a codependent secondary air system since they depend on the primary air control. Personally, I'm not fond of these style secondary air systems. It actually caused me a lot of grief with my furnace. But seems to work well for others that have a more effective grate system.
Lightning
 
Hand Fed Coal Furnace: Clayton 1537G
Coal Size/Type: Nut/Stove Size Mix

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: oliver power On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 7:57 am

Harman has air coming around it's glass in the Mark-series stoves (maybe others). They call it an air wash for the glass. Slows down the fly ash build up on glass. It also could be considered secondary air for burning. Take your pick. Most likely wouldn't affect burn at all. A stronger primary air adjustment, I think would overcome that little bit of secondary air. Just my thoughts.
oliver power
 
Stoker Coal Boiler: KEYSTOKER Kaa-2
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Hitzer 50-93 & 30-95, Vigilant (pre-Vigilant-II)
Baseburners & Antiques: MANY (Mostly when burning wood)
Stove/Furnace Make: HITZER / KEYSTOKER
Stove/Furnace Model: 50-93 & 30-95 , Kaa-2

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: rberq On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 9:38 am

MarkV wrote:
rberq wrote:and hope that DS had practiced intelligent design rather than random creation.

My question: If these stoves are designed so the secondary air prevents puff-backs, why is DSM selling anti-explosion louvers?

Their first pass was random creation, the louvers are intelligent design? :)
I think the secondary inlet channel and the number of holes are the same for the smallest (1300) circulator to the largest (1600). On the face of it, that does not seem reasonable. My 1300 has 9. I would think the larger firebox would need more secondary air.
rberq
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: DS Machine 1300
Coal Size/Type: Nut -- Kimmel/Blaschak/Reading
Other Heating: Oil hot water radiators, propane

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: MarkV On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 9:45 am

Lightning wrote:
I believe member "I'm on Fire" installed the louvers because he was having puff back problems. He also has a very weak chimney draft. Its very possible you could run the stove without the louvers. Hard sayin..

The louvers use some of the primary air to bypass the coal bed and become more secondary air. A technique I like to call a codependent secondary air system since they depend on the primary air control. Personally, I'm not fond of these style secondary air systems. It actually caused me a lot of grief with my furnace. But seems to work well for others that have a more effective grate system.


Thanks for the explanation. I recall reading IOF's posts last winter, possibly in the pinned thread.

My draft isn't the strongest either, so I'll probably wind up keeping the louvers in.
MarkV
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: DS Machine DS-1500WH
Coal Size/Type: Blaschak bulk nut

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: MarkV On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 10:03 am

rberq wrote:I think the secondary inlet channel and the number of holes are the same for the smallest (1300) circulator to the largest (1600). On the face of it, that does not seem reasonable. My 1300 has 9. I would think the larger firebox would need more secondary air.


Good point. Same here, my 1500 has the 1" square inlets on either side, and nine holes inside the glass. KingCoal probably nailed it in his post above...

KingCoal wrote:by some feat of engineering or magic MY stove alters the amount of air it pulls into the secondary tract according to the amount of over fire draft present. more when draft is low, less when draft is high, no explanation, just happy, steady, even, economical heat.


I can't argue with the fact that the 1500 just keeps throwing plenty of heat with minimal bother or attention from me, except during warm/damp weather.
MarkV
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: DS Machine DS-1500WH
Coal Size/Type: Blaschak bulk nut

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: I'm On Fire On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 10:48 am

Lightning wrote:
MarkV wrote:Had no idea those secondary air holes drew air from the outside--I mistakenly assumed, based on a conversation I had with someone at DS Machine that the source of that air was from under the fire...i.e., from the thermostat-controlled air intake.

Your stove has "independent" primary and secondary air. The primary controls heat output and is adjustable via the controlled air intake. The secondary air which is fixed thru the drilled holes, lets air in over the fire to burn volatile gases on top the coal bed.

MarkV wrote:My question: If these stoves are designed so the secondary air prevents puff-backs, why is DSM selling anti-explosion louvers? Those are the rectangular cast metal pieces that take the place of two firebricks, and have a downward-facing louver to channel more air into the firebed. DS Machine told me when I bought my stove last year they were still testing them. I was so freaked out by the pinned thread on puffbacks I went ahead and ordered a pair for around $75 for two of them.

I believe member "I'm on Fire" installed the louvers because he was having puff back problems. He also has a very weak chimney draft. Its very possible you could run the stove without the louvers. Hard sayin..

The louvers use some of the primary air to bypass the coal bed and become more secondary air. A technique I like to call a codependent secondary air system since they depend on the primary air control. Personally, I'm not fond of these style secondary air systems. It actually caused me a lot of grief with my furnace. But seems to work well for others that have a more effective grate system.


Man was I ever getting explosions. I do have a very weak chimney and need to use a draft inducer 24/7 all winter. I installed the louvers because the explosions I was experiencing were so intense my house shook and at times I'd get blue flamed shooting out of the thermostat and sides of the stove where the secondary air holes are. The louvers have pretty much eliminated the puff backs. When I experience them now they are much less spectacular. I've also changed how I shake down the stove. I don't touch anything. I don't open the MPD, adjust air settings.

I think the louvers were one of the best buys for the stove last season.
I'm On Fire
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: DS Machines DS-1600 Hot Air Circulator

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: slinger100 On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 11:04 am

I believe the puffbacks has much more to do with each particular situation i.e. draft. My 1600 has never had a puffback yet. It is installed in the basement in a center of the house masonary chimney about 35 feet tall so draft is no problem. The secondaries do work as sometines I have blue flames shooting out of them that almost looks like a gas burner. I'll try to post pictures the next time i see them.
slinger100
 
Hot Air Coal Stoker Stove: Combustioneer 77b
Hand Fed Coal Stove: D.S. 1600 circulator
Baseburners & Antiques: Red Cross Ensign 37, Florence Hot Blast 153, Favorite, others
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Stove/Furnace Make: ds machine #4 1600 circulator
Stove/Furnace Model: ds machine#4 1600 circulator

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: KingCoal On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 12:03 pm

hmmm, this is interesting. and seems to contradict my theory of more secondary draw at low draft and less at high draft.

you no doubt have at least as good of chimney draft as i do (which has been called industrial) and i have only had flames at the outlet holes once, when i first fired up the stove with out the hopper in it.
KingCoal
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Comforter Stove Works
Baseburners & Antiques: 2014 DTS C17 Base Burner
Coal Size/Type: Nut Anth.
Other Heating: none

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: slinger100 On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 1:19 pm

I keep draft at .03 on the manometer using a baro and mpd to keep the baro from being wide open all the time. The chimney definitely has plenty of draw. This setup works very well in my application.
slinger100
 
Hot Air Coal Stoker Stove: Combustioneer 77b
Hand Fed Coal Stove: D.S. 1600 circulator
Baseburners & Antiques: Red Cross Ensign 37, Florence Hot Blast 153, Favorite, others
Coal Size/Type: nut
Stove/Furnace Make: ds machine #4 1600 circulator
Stove/Furnace Model: ds machine#4 1600 circulator

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: KingCoal On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 2:10 pm

.03, hmmmm, well that's another story altogether isn't it ? and would rather seem to support the theory that these stoves pull more secondary at lower draft. very interesting.
KingCoal
 
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Comforter Stove Works
Baseburners & Antiques: 2014 DTS C17 Base Burner
Coal Size/Type: Nut Anth.
Other Heating: none

Re: DSM 1400 secondary inlet and outlets

PostBy: slinger100 On: Mon Dec 30, 2013 2:34 pm

That may be. It would be a matter of the air taking the path of least resistance. The baro being set to .03 I would think that as the grates get covered with more ash it would get easier to pull more air from the secondary air which is unblocked by any ash. When i purchased the stove I did think it was odd that the secondaries were not adjustable. But if the baro is set to a constant draft it should pull the same no matter what the bimetallic primary is doing. So I'm guessing that if the primary is wide open and the grates are clean most of the air comes from there. As the stove reaches it's set temp and the primary closes the manometer doesn't change so the air has to be coming through the secondaries more. Does that help or make it worse? Lol
slinger100
 
Hot Air Coal Stoker Stove: Combustioneer 77b
Hand Fed Coal Stove: D.S. 1600 circulator
Baseburners & Antiques: Red Cross Ensign 37, Florence Hot Blast 153, Favorite, others
Coal Size/Type: nut
Stove/Furnace Make: ds machine #4 1600 circulator
Stove/Furnace Model: ds machine#4 1600 circulator

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