Okay, relax. I know it's frustrating but you'll get it yet. A deep charge will give a more even heat and a longer fire. It may take one to two hours before the whole bed is fully ignited. When the fire is well established and the room is becoming warm, you can partially close the ash door spinner to the desired heating level required. The secondary air supply, the flap on the combustion fan, can be nearly closed. With anthracite you will see short blue flames above the coal except when the fire is started or a new charge is added. If there is no flame, the fire needs more air from the bottom or it is near the end of its burn cycle and needs to be recharged.
COAL REFUELING THE CLAYTON:
When the coal has burned down to half its original depth it's time to add coal. Open the dampers and allow the fire to pick up a little and also burn off the gases. Open the feed door and push the glowing coal to the rear of the firebox. Not all the glowing coal. Leave some to ignite the new coal. Try not to disturb the fire too much. I use a metal handled hoe. Next add a fresh charge up front, being careful not to seal off the top of the rear glowing coals. Close the feed door but leave the secondary draft flap on the combustion blower open for a few minutes until the volatile gases have burned off. After that you may shake down the ashes. Be gentle when you shake the ashes. A few short strokes are better than large movement of the grate. The objective is to remove the ashes without disturbing the fire. Depending on how hard you burn, I might shake as little as 20 to as much as 100 times, or until the first live coals fall into the ash pan. You should also be careful in shaking the ashes so that you don't form clinkers. These form when the very hot burning coal comes in contact with the ash layer. This occurs when you shake the fire too much or poke the fire. Some coals, especially those high in iron, form more clinkers. Because clinkers will not burn and will block the grate when formed in large pieces, remove them as necessary before refueling.
BANKING THE FIRE IN THE CLAYTON:
For overnight operation or if you are away all day, you want to bank the fire. To do so, heap the coal so the fire gradually burns it over a longer period of time. You also reduce the intensity of the fire without letting it go out. Follow the same procedure as for fueling. After loading, let the fire establish itself for about a half hour and then close the dampers to the point where the house does not become too cold. It's important that the banking be done early enough before you go to bed or leave the house so that you can make adjustments after the fire is well established.
REVIVING THE FIRE THAT'S ALMOST OUT IN THE CLAYTON:
Occasionally you may find that the fire is almost out before you remember or have time to refuel it. You may first notice this as the house cools. The first thing to do is open the ash door and damper. Close the secondary combustion blower flap to get a good draft through the grate. Then place a thin layer of dry coal over the entire top of the fire and close the feed door. DO NOT POKE OR SHAKE AT THIS TIME. After the fresh coal has become well ignited, shake the grates and refuel.
AFTER THE FIRE GOES OUT IN THE CLAYTON:
This will happen from time to time even to the most experienced stove operator. You remove the coal through the feed door, empty the ash pan and start all over.
Some stove manufactures will have you pull the glowing coal to the front of the firebox instead of the rear. I believe it is all how the stove draft is designed for the burn. When I burn strictly wood in the Clayton, I rake the wood charcoal to the front of the firebox, making sure the draft holes in the cast iron front baffle are clear, and stuff if full of wood. Close the ash door spinner all the way shut and adjust the heat output with the combustion blower flap. Then switch the blower fan on and set the thermostat to the desired temperature.
This should help. If only the manual from US STOVE were this detailed, we wouldn't had anything to talk about.
I'll be watching for your progress report.