Yanche wrote:I layman terms they are not weightless but the solar system objects pulling on them are far, far away, producing little pull.
Thanks for the input Yanche but I don't think the astronaut's apparent weightlessness on their way to or from the Earth is a matter of distance for the reasons I mentioned above. (Earth's gravity is still powerful enough to keep a huge mass like the Moon orbiting the Earth at quite a distance, so the "Moon Bound" astronauts are still well within Earth's powerful gravity. So, why are they apparently weightless????
Edit: Let me belabor the subject a bit more:
On all of our moon shots (Apollo) The 3 astronauts first orbit the Earth a few times to configure the Apollo capsule & the LEM (Lunar Excursion Module) in the nose to nose configuration they will need to goto the moon. At some point, a "burn" is initiated (TLI...Trans Lunar Insertion burn) that breaks the capsule away from eEarth orbit & heads them off to the Moon. During this TLI burn, the astronauts are again pressed back into their seats due to the engine's thrust.BUT
As soon as these engines shut down, while the capsules are still close to the Earth but no longer in orbit & on their way to the Moon...The astronauts are again (immediately) apparently totally weightless . Why???